Imagen de portada

Nomenclatura osteológica y accidentes de la región ótica de pinnípedos y sinónimos

Cleopatra Mara Loza


La región ótica es una parte del cráneo que está conformada por diferentes huesos que forman un complejo, denominado región o complejo temporal. Este abarca al hueso petroso, timpánico, parcialmente al hueso temporal y al escamoso. Esta región ha sido extensamente estudiada en los mamíferos y se han propuesto gran cantidad de términos para estructuras homólogas. Con respecto a la anatomía de la región ótica de los pinnípedos, ha sido estudiada de manera general en algunas especies. El objetivo de esta contribución es describir esta estructura principalmente en especies de pinnípedos australes, comparándolas y homologando sus estructuras con las de otros mamíferos, unificando la terminología tan variada y compleja utilizada para este órgano en particular. Los resultados de este trabajo se reflejan en un glosario de sinónimos que abarca los accidentes y estructuras más relevantes.

Palabras clave

Oído, región ótica, petroso, pinnipedos

Texto completo:



Arnaudo, M. E., Soibelzon, L. H., Bona, P., & Schubert, B. 2014. First Description of the Auditory Region of a Tremarctinae (Ursidae, Mammalia)

Bear: The Case of Arctotherium angustidens. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 21(3), 321-330.

Beaumont, G. 1968. Note sur la region auditive de quelques Carnivores. Arch Sci 21, 211–224

Benoit, J., Crumpton, N., Merigeaud, S., & Tabuce, R. 2014. Petrosal and bony labyrinth morphology supports paraphyly of Elephantulus within Macroscelididae (Mammalia, Afrotheria). Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 21(2), 173-193.

Billet, G., Hautier, L., & Lebrun, R. 2015. Morphological diversity of the bony labyrinth (inner ear) in extant xenarthrans and its relation to phylogeny. Journal of Mammalogy, gyv074.

Doran, A.H.G 1879. The mammalian ossicula auditus. Transaction of the Linnean Society London Zoology, 2nd Ser. 1:371-497.

Fleischer, G. 2013. Evolutionary principles of the mammalian middle ear (Vol. 55). Springer Science & Business Media.

Ginsburg, L. 1966. Les amphicyons des Phosphorites du Quercy. Ann Paleontol 52, 23–64.

Gray, H.1858. Gray´s anatomy. Anatomy, descriptive and surgical. 15th revised edition. Gramercy Books, Random House Value Publishing

Hough, J.R. 1952. Auditory region in North American Felidae: significance in phylogeny. Geol Surv Prof Pap 243, 95–115.

Hunt, R.M. Jr 1974. The auditory bulla in Carnivora: an anatomical basis for reappraisal of carnivore evolution. J Morphol 143, 21–76.

Hyrtl, J. 1848. Zur vergleichenden Anatomie der Trommelhöhle. K.-K. Hof-u. Staatsdr..

Ivanoff, D.V. 2001. Partitions in the carnivorian auditory bulla: their formation and significance for systematics. Mamm Rev 31, 1–16.

Jeffery, N., Spoor, F. (2006). The primate fossa and this relationship to the semircular canals part I: prenatal growth. Journal of Human Evolution 51: 537-549.

Jeffery, N., Ryan, T. M., & Spoor, F. 2008. The primate subarcuate fossa and its relationship to the semicircular canals part II: Adult interspecific variation.Journal of human evolution, 55(2), 326-339.

King, J.E. 1964. Seals of the World, London: British Museum (Natural History).

Ladevèze, S., Asher, R. J., & Sánchez‐Villagra, M. R. 2008. Petrosal anatomy in the fossil mammal Necrolestes: evidence for metatherian affinities and comparisons with the extant marsupial mole. Journal of Anatomy, 213(6), 686-697.

Loza, C. M., Scarano, A. C., Soibelzon, L. H., Negrete, J., & Carlini, A. A. 2015. Morphology of the tympanic‐basicranial region in Mirounga leonina (Phocidae,Carnivora), postnatal ontogeny and sexual dimorphism. Journal of anatomy, 226(4), 354-372.

Luo, Z. 1989. The petrosal structures of Multituberculata (Mammalia) and the molar morphology of early Arctocyonidae (Condylarthra, Mammalia).Unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 426.

Luo, Z., & Eastman, E. R. 1995. Petrosal and inner ear of a squalodontoid whale: implications for evolution of hearing in odontocetes. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 15(2), 431-442.

Luo, Z., & Marsh, K. 1996. Petrosal (periotic) and inner ear of a Pliocene kogiine whale (Kogiinae, Odontoceti): implications on relationships and hearing evolution of toothed whales. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 16(2), 328-348.

Macrini, T. E., Flynn, J. J., Croft, D. A., & Wyss, A. R. 2010. Inner ear of a notoungulate placental mammal: anatomical description and examination of potentially phylogenetically informative characters. Journal of Anatomy, 216(5), 600-610.

Malinzak, M. D., Kay, R. F., & Hullar, T. E. 2012. Locomotor head movements and semicircular canal morphology in primates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(44), 17914-17919.

McIntyre, G.T. 1972. The trisulcate petrosal pattern of mammals. In (T. Dobzhansky, MK. Hecht, and WC Steere, eds). Evolutionary Biilogy, 6:275-303.

Mohl, B. 1967. Frequency discrimination in the common seal and discussion of the concept of upper hearing limit. In Underwater Acoustics (ed Albers V), Volume 2, pp. 43-54. NY Plenum Press.

Mohl, B. 1968. Auditory sensivity of the common seal in air and water. J Aud Res 8, 27–38.

Møhl, B. 1964. Preliminary studies on hearing in seals. Vidensk. Medd. Dansk. Naturh. Foren, 127, 283-294.

Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria 2012. International Committee on Veterinary Gross Anatomical Nomenclature, 5th ed (revised version). Hannover (Germany), Columbia, MO (USA), Ghent (Belgium), Sapporo (Japan): Editorial Committee.

Pocock, R.I. 1916. The tympanic bulla in hyenas. Proc Zool Soc Lond Vol. 86, 303–307.

Pocock, R.I. 1929. The structure of the auditory bulla in the Procyonidae and the Ursidae, with a note on the bulla of Hyaena. Proc Zool Soc Lond 98, 963–974.

Poulter, T. C. 1966. The use of active sonar by the California sea lion. J. Audit. Res, 6, 165-173.

Sánchez-Villagra, M. R., & Schmelzle, T. 2007. Anatomy and development of the bony inner ear in the woolly opossum, Caluromys philander (Didelphimorphia, Marsupialia). Mastozool Neotrop, 14, 53-60.

SauvageJ.P, Puyraud S., Roche O., Rahman A. 2000. Anatomía del oído interno. Encyclopédie Médico-Chirurgicale-E-20-020-A-10.

Schmelzle, T., Sánchez-Villagra, M. R., & Maier, W. 2007. Vestibular labyrinth diversity in diprotodontian marsupial mammals. Mammal Study, 32(2), 83-97.

Schusterman, R. J. 1974. Auditory sensitivity of a California sea lion to airborne sound. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 56(4), 1248-1251.

Schusterman, R. J., Balliet, R. F., & Nixon, J. 1972. Underwater audiogram the California Sea lion by the conditioned vocalization technique 1. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 17(3), 339-350.

Silcox, M. T., Bloch, J. I., Boyer, D. M., Godinot, M., Ryan, T. M., Spoor, F., & Walker, A. 2009. Semicircular canal system in early primates. Journal of Human Evolution, 56(3), 315-327.

Solntseva, G.N. 1972. Comparative anatomical peculiarities of the middle ear structure in terrestrial, semi aquatic and aquatic mammals. Abstr 5th AllUnion Conf Mar Mam Res Makhachkala 2, 216–220. Abstract (in Russian).

Solntseva, G.N. 1973a. Biomechanical features of the middle ear in terrestrial, semi-aquatic and aquatic mammals. 8th Un Acoust Conf Moscow 128, 29–32. Abstract.

Solntseva, G.N. 1973b. Morphological and biomechanic features of the middle ear of the Caspian seal (Pusa caspica). In: Dolk. pp. 74–76, Astrakhan: Sessii Kasp NIRKH porabotam za 1972.

Solntseva, G.N. 1975. Morphofunctional peculiarities of the auditory organ in terrestrial, semi-aquatic and aquatic mammals. Zool Zhurn 44, 1529–1539.

Solntseva, G. N. 1987. [Morphological adaptation of the peripheral region of the acoustic analyzer in echolocating Cetaceae during pre-and postnatal development]. Doklady Akademii nauk SSSR, 298(1), 219-224.

Solntseva, G. N. 2006. Organs of hearing and equilibrium during ontogenesis of mammals. Russian Journal of Developmental Biology, 37(5), 282-300.

Solntseva, G. N. 2007. Morphology of the auditory and vestibular organs in mammals, with emphasis on marine species (No. 4). Pensoft Publishers.

Solntseva, G. N. 2009. [Inner ears (auris interna) of mammals in ontogenesis]. Ontogenez, 41(2), 120-137.

Solntseva, G. N. 2010. Morphology of the inner ear of mammals in ontogeny.Russian journal of developmental biology, 41(2), 94-110.

Solntseva, G. N. 2011. The middle ear in the ontogenesis of mammals.Russian Journal of Developmental Biology, 42(6), 412-425.

Spoor, F., Bajpai, S., Hussain, S. T., Kumar, K., & Thewissen, J. G. (2002). Vestibular evidence for the evolution of aquatic behaviour in early cetaceans.Nature, 417(6885), 163-166.

Spoor, F., Garland, T., Krovitz, G., Ryan, T. M., Silcox, M. T., & Walker, A. 2007b. The primate semicircular canal system and locomotion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(26), 10808-10812.

Spoor, F., Wood, B., & Zonneveld, F. 1994. Implications of early hominid labyrinthine morphology for evolution of human bipedal locomotion. Nature,369(6482), 645-648.

Terhune, J. M., & Ronald, K. 1971. The harp seal, Pagophilus groenlandicus (Erxleben, 1777). X. The air audiogram. Canadian journal of zoology, 49(3), 385-390.

Terhune, J. M., & Ronald, K. 1972. The harp seal, Pagophilus groenlandicus (Erxleben, 1777). III. The underwater audiogram. Canadian Journal of Zoology,50(5), 565-569.

Thenius, E. 1949. Zur Revision der Insektivoren des steirische Terti€ars. Beitr€age zur Kenntnis der S€augetierreste des steirischen Terti€ars II. Sitzungsb € Osterr Ak Wiss math naturwissensch Klas Abt I 159, 671–693.

Wible, J. R. 1990. Petrosals of Late Cretaceous marsupials from North America, and a cladistic analysis of the petrosal in therian mammals. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 10(2), 183-205.

Wible, J. R. 2010. Petrosal anatomy of the nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus Linnaeus, 1758 (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Dasypodidae). Annals of Carnegie Museum, 79(1), 1-28.

Wyss, A. 1987. The walrus auditory region and the monophyly of pinnipeds. Am Mus Novit 2871, 1–32.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Copyright (c) 2016 Revista del Museo de La Plata

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.

Versión en línea: ISSN - 2545-6377

Versión impresa: ISSN - 2545-6369

Ver mis estadísticas

Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons
Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.